The Postwar World
- Explain the historical context of the Cold War after 1945.
- Explain the causes and effects of the ideological struggle of the Cold War.
- Compare the ways in which the United States and the Soviet Union sought to maintain influence over the course of the Cold War.
- Explain the causes and consequences of China’s adoption of communism.
- Explain the causes and effects of movements to redistribute economic resources.
- Explain the causes of the end of the Cold War.
- Advances in U.S. military and technological development, the Soviet Union’s costly and ultimately failed invasion of Afghanistan, and public discontent and economic weakness in communist countries led to the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union.
- Compare the processes by which various peoples pursued independence after 1900.
- Explain how political changes in the period from c. 1900 to the present led to territorial, demographic, and nationalist developments.
- Explain the economic changes and continuities resulting from the process of decolonization.
- Explain various reactions to existing power structures in the period after 1900.
The Iron Curtain
- Hopes for greater self-government were largely unfulfilled following World War I; however, in the years following World War II, increasing anti-imperialist sentiment contributed to the dissolution of empires and the restructuring of states.
- Technological and economic gains experienced during World War II by the victorious nations shifted the global balance of power.
- The global balance of economic and political power shifted during and after World War II and rapidly evolved into the Cold War. The democracy of the United States and the authoritarian communist Soviet Union emerged as superpowers, which led to ideological conflict and a power struggle between capitalism and communism across the globe.
"Turn China into a prosperous, rich and powerful industrialized socialist country under the leadership of the Communist Party and Chairman Mao!"
Jiang Jieshi, Republic of China on Taiwan
Mao Zedong, People’s Republic of China
Chinese occupation of Tibet
Great Leap Forward
1979 US-China relations
1989 Tiananmen Square Massacre
Transfer of Hong Kong
Normalization of US-China Trade
2008 Beijing Olympics
People's Liberation Army
Gang of Four
Proxy Wars and the Third World
Fall of Communism
Advances in U.S. military and technological development, the Soviet Union’s costly and ultimately failed invasion of Afghanistan, and public discontent and economic weakness in communist countries led to the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Richard Nixon’s visit to China
Lithuanian January Events massacre
Soviet economic stagnation
Fall of the Berlin Wall
Soviet Communist hardliners coup
Dissolution of the USSR
Commonwealth of Independent States