- Explain the process of state building and expansion among various empires and states in the period from 1450 to 1750.
- Explain the continuities and changes in economic systems and labor systems from 1450 to 1750.
- Explain changes and continuities in systems of slavery in the period from 1450 to 1750.
- Explain how rulers employed economic strategies to consolidate and maintain power throughout the period from 1450 to 1750.
- Explain the continuities and changes in networks of exchange from 1450 to 1750.
- Explain how political, economic, and cultural factors affected society from 1450 to 1750.
- Explain the similarities and differences in how various belief systems affected societies from 1450 to 1750.
European Maritime Empires
Asian Isolation & Intra-Asian Trade
Miyamoto Musashi killing a giant creature, from The Book of Five Ring
Despite some disruption and restructuring due to the arrival of Portuguese, Spanish, and Dutch merchants, existing trade networks in the Indian Ocean continued to flourish and included intra-Asian trade and Asian merchants.
Asian sea trading network
Dutch East Indies
Robert di Nobili
School of National Learning
African Kingdoms and the African Disaspora
The expansion of maritime trading networks fostered the growth of states in Africa, including the Asante and the Kingdom of the Kongo, whose participation in trading networks led to an increase in their influence.
Royal African Company
Seaport at sunset (1639) by French painter Claude Lorrain
The Atlantic Community