World War II
- Explain how different governments responded to economic crisis after 1900.
- Explain the continuities and changes in territorial holdings from 1900 to the present.
- Explain the causes and consequences of World War II.
- Explain similarities and differences in how governments used a variety of methods to conduct war.
- Explain the various causes and consequences of mass atrocities in the period from 1900 to the present.
The Great Depression
Following World War I and the onset of the Great Depression, governments began to take a more active role in economic life.
Soviet propaganda poster depicting Stalin leading Soviet forces during the Second World War.
In the Soviet Union, the government controlled the national economy through the Five Year Plans, often implementing repressive policies, with negative repercussions for the population.
'Piece by Piece': American cartoon on Japan's expansion in Asia
Between the two world wars, Western and Japanese imperial states predominantly maintained control over colonial holdings; in some cases, they gained additional territories through conquest or treaty settlement and in other cases faced anti-imperial resistance.
The Republic of China
American marines raise the US flag after the Battle of Iwo Jima.
Soviet soldiers fly the flag of the USSR after the Battle of Berlin.
Images from the Holocaust
The rise of extremist groups in power led to the attempted destruction of specific populations, notably the Nazi killing of the Jews in the Holocaust during World War II, and to other atrocities, acts of genocide, or ethnic violence.
Wars of Former Yugoslavia
- Slobodan Milosevic
- Franjo Tudjman
- Croatian Ustaše Party
- Alija Izetbegovic
- Radovan Karadzic
- “Greater Serbia”
- Bosnian Genocide
- ethnic cleansing
- Massacre at Srebrenica
- Dayton Accords
- Kosovo War
- Republic of Kosovo
- UN International War Crimes Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia